|14th August 2008 09:37 AM|
Upwind with a shortboard
Hi Roger !
1. Yes, I uphaul with the feet positioned as you said.
2. After uphauling , I hold the boom with the front hand only, while the sail flaps idle downwind.
3. I am not too sure if I step back precisely as you indicate, but, overall, I think my feet position is correct, because I align the front and back feet with the direction of the footstraps: the front one is diagonally oriented, so the foot is at an angle in relation to the centerline, while the rear strap is parallel to the center line, so the rear foot is perpendicular to it. I am not too sure, though, on which side of the centerline it is ( windward or leeward side, or perhaps straddling it..)
4. I am not sure if I am pulling the rig across the board when I sheet in in order to set the board in movement, but I noticed I have a tendency not to keep the mast upright once the board moves . I noticed that if I do so, things go a lot better.
5. No, I sheet in with a full grasp of the back hand on the boom, not just the two fingers. How could I use only two fingers? The pull of the wind on the sail is so strong at times,that it takes a full grasp to sheet in ( at least until you hook up the harness !)
6.Perhaps I am not too clear about why I should sheet in only until the board moves, because even after the board is in movement, the wind, at least here in our Canadian lakes, is so ever changing, at times gusty, that I couldn't help constantly correcting by sheeting in or out, as smoothly as possible though.
7. I definitely was not aware that I have to get underway (on a reach ?) before attempting to go upwind . The way I do it , I walk the board off shore until the water depth allows the extension of the CB, I position the board perpendicular to the wind, with me facing downwind and with the rig floating downwind, I get on, I push down the CB , I uphaul and then I immediately start to gear up for upwind , by tilting the sail backward, while weighing on the leeward rail. Today, for the first time, it worked, so I must have been doing something right !
This prompts me to ask the following questions :
a. Does the REACH point of sail require the CB down ?
b. Is the leeward rail sinking technique recommended, or even necessary, to start the REACH motion and prevent the down-wind drifting, in the same way that it is necessary to go upwind?
c. When you invert the direction of the board from upwind to downwind, in order to return to shore, should the CB be raised ? I know it definitely must be raised if you are on a RUN, but if you are sailing downwind on a broad reach, can you ( or should you )still keep it fully or partially extended down ?
d. I hear that , when the CB is fully retracted, the rail pressure dynamics are reversed : to go upwind you no longer sink the leeward rail, but the WINDWARD rail. Is this correct ?
e. Final point : Today the wind was probably 10 knts/hr and I felt the board was so far from planing , that I can hardly believe the claims made by some manufacturers that PLANING is the NATURAL behaviour , as it were, of todays boards... They are advertised as though they were just waiting to leap off the water even with under 10 knts/hr. winds ..Well, mine didn't even try ! I thought it was quite normal , because sheer common sense told me that it should have taken hell of a lot more wind for it to plane !
Anyway, thanks to you and the Good Samaritans on the Forum who have been kind enough to share their experience with me and give me their advice, today I had my first EPIPHANY, because, for the first time, thanks to the leeward sinking trick, I was able to sail upwind with my Rio and I had a lot of fun, until the darn rain started pouring down again !
I used a larger sail ( a 7.6) though, because the wind was light and I am envisaging to eventually buy a 8.5 ( Which brand would you suggest ?) .
I guess the sail size and my ignorance of the leeward rail sinking trick were the main causes of my failure . I still have a long way to go, I have to admit, and this darn winter will be here faster than we imagine and put a stop to my learning curve !
Thank you for your comments
|13th August 2008 07:36 AM|
If what I'm hearing from your above post is correct, there's something else missing from your repertiore.......
You need to do all the basic steps to uphaul and get underway, then when your board is moving nicely, THEN you worry about heading upwind.
1/ Uphaul with your feet straddling the mast (one in front one behind) and the arches of your feet right over the fore and aft centerline of the board?
2/ When you have the rig fully uphauled, are you holding the mast with your front hand
(or both hands)?
3/ Do you then step back on the board so your front foot is facing nearly forward and your toes are behind the mast foot?
Is your rear foot back about a shoulders width behind the front foot, facing slightly forward with your heel on the boards fore/aft centerline (James's beginner technique drawing is quite good except that where his drawing has you placing your feet you are too far forward (the mast and your front leg are in contention for the same space) and the back foot has the arch on the centerline which will tip the board upwind and cause you to "round up".
4/ Do you then bring the rig across in front of your shoulder until it balances (it becomes pretty much weightless which is a very nice thing).
Only after you have the mast well upwind (beyond the boards fore/aft centerline) so that it truly balances can you begin to sheet the sail in.
5/ Do you only use one or two fingers on your back hand to sheet the sail in?
6/ Do you only sheet the sail in until the board moves. (Sheeting in more just destroys the forward drive and then you will drift sideways for sure).
7/ When your board is sailing along on a beam reach with a bit of speed
THEN you can rake the rig back a little and apply some lee rail pressure to get it to sail upwind.
I'll bet you are leaving several of the "easiest way to windsurf" steps out of your program and this is what causes you to drift sideways.
Hope this helps,
|13th August 2008 05:25 AM|
Upwind with a shortboard
Hi James :
the problem I have is exactly the opposite : I can't go upwind with my Rio ! If I could do it, I would be the happiest person on earth, so to speak! To day I drove to my favorite practising spot to practice some of the tips I received from the volks on the Forum, mainly the leeward rail sinking trick. I started out at first with my usual 6.4, tuned according to Roger's instructions , i.e. strong down-haul for a good mast curvature and relatively little out-haul. My progression is very incremental, but it is there , because I noticed the leeward rail tilt definitely slowed down the drifting, at least so it looked ! For a few moments the board looked like it was ready to bite into the wind, albeit very hesitatingly, but at that point the wind abated and the board started drifting again to shore.... I was about to pull in and rig my 7.6, because I thought the wind might have been too light for a 6.4 , but, unfortunately, by the time I started de-rigging the 6.4, a powerful storm kicked in .
I kept working on the rig under the rain for about half an hour with the...wet wet-suit on ( excuse for the pun !) and becoming even wetter ( this is what it is made for, anyway, right?) hoping that the storm would clear soon, but it got worse, instead, so I decided to call it a day! I'll resume tomorrow, but it is not without some frustration that I am learning that the variables of the weather are many indeed and unpredictable, because by the time you think you have it, mother nature fools you , kicking in another weather- changing variable and you have to start the trial and error process all over again ! But I haven't given in to the temptation to take up golf, yet !
Talk to you soon
|11th August 2008 09:09 PM|
Somehow I did a nice reply here and it never posted.
I'll try again...........
"Could you or somebody else also comment on the recommended mast position on the slot? "
For you, at your 172 lbs./78 Kg., and at your skill level, I'd start out with the mast foot in the center or slightly behind center for general sailing.
Check out this link where Tiesda You gives some tuning tips for the Rio:
It explains the different suggested mast foot positions and shows the markings on your
"If I understand correctly ( but I might be wrong!) the more backward it is, ( compatibly with the size of the sail, of course, because larger sails would require a forward compensation, from what I understand) the easier will be the glide forward: the weight being more towards the rear, the front part will raise and reduce the contact of the widest part of the board with the water, thus decreasing the drag ... What are your suggestions on this?"
Not necessarily so!
Bigger sails do not mean further ahead mast foot positions most of the time.
There are 2 "real world" situations where you find the mast foot all the way forward.
Formula racers put their mast foot nearly all the way forward because they get better upwind performance with their huge 9.5-12.5 m2 rigs this way.
Longboard racers (with an on the fly adjustable mast track) move the mast foot all the way forward when racing in light to moderate winds to get the maximum waterline length and maximum lee rail engagement to help their upwind performance.
For recreational sailors (not racers) putting the mast foot all the way forward is nearly always a bad idea unless you are a super heavyweight.
"Your PLYWOOD metaphor makes your point very well and this is where I did go wrong, as I was outhauling the sail real tight, but sure there be must lots of windsurfers in the lumber trade, because when I look around I see a lot of those superflat sails, as taut as a violin string ! Some people must do windsurfing with the overwhelming consideration that the flatter the sail is , the easier it is to uphaul it from the water, because if they were to tune the sail with more draft , they fear they would have to break their back uphauling a 5 ft diam ,water filled and water-tight ...container each time ! Of course I am exaggerating, but I am curious to know how it feels to uphaul a 10.5 with a sizeable draft in it ! There must be enough water inside to trap a dolphin !"
Next time you go sailing, watch as you uphaul your sail.
There is no "5 ft diam ,water filled and water-tight ...container" because as you begin to pull the mast out of the water, all the water in the sail runs off the leech, and all the water in the luff sleeve runs out the top and bottom of the sleeve.
Our sails are now made completely from "non-absorbing" plastic materials so a sail really gains almost no weight when wet.
Double luff racing sails have large "drains" at the top and bottom of the sleeve, (Aeroforce Designs actually had little flapper valves to let the water out along the back of the sleeve).
Use an "Easy Uphaul" to allow you to put the weight of the rig on your harness until you get most of it clear of the water.
So, not the problem that you were thinking it was.
Hope this helps,
|11th August 2008 11:37 AM|
Franco- Short, wide boards will turn upwind and stall quickly if you aren't careful with your sail handling. Perhaps this is what is happening to you.
One way to avoid that is make sure that you bring the sail up in front of you (almost so that you can look at the nose of the board through the window of the sail) before you grab the sail with your back hand and sheet in. That will prevent you from stalling and sideslipping. Also, make sure that you don't "oversheet" the sail, i.e. never pull the clue of the sail past the centerline of the board or upwind of the mast.
You might want to check out these guidelines for "how to teach windsurfing" and the links therein. It includes some information on how to avoid the problems you're having.
PS- Yes, short wide boards ARE slower than long narrow boards in non-planing winds, but with the right technique and a properly-rigged, appropriately-sized sail, they can do ok.
|10th August 2008 11:25 PM|
Longboard vs shortboard
Thank you Roger for your hints.
Could you or somebody else also comment on the recommended mast position on the slot?
If I understand correctly ( but I might be wrong!) the more backward it is, ( compatibly with the size of the sail, of course, because larger sails would require a forward compensation, from what I understand) the easier will be the glide forward: the weight being more towards the rear, the front part will raise and reduce the contact of the widest part of the board with the water, thus decreasing the drag ... What are your suggestions on this?
Your PLYWOOD metaphor makes your point very well and this is where I did go wrong, as I was outhauling the sail real tight, but sure there be must lots of windsurfers in the lumber trade, because when I look around I see a lot of those superflat sails, as taut as a violin string ! Some people must do windsurfing with the overwhelming consideration that the flatter the sail is , the easier it is to uphaul it from the water, because if they were to tune the sail with more draft , they fear they would have to break their back uphauling a 5 ft diam ,water filled and water-tight ...container each time ! Of course I am exaggerating, but I am curious to know how it feels to uphaul a 10.5 with a sizeable draft in it ! There must be enough water inside to trap a dolphin !
As usual, your comments will be appreciated
|10th August 2008 10:55 PM|
As Roger Said, I do mean the far rail, not the one on the side you stand on. It is awkward but do the best you can and you will see the result.
Even the fact that you take the weight off the windward rail will help to sink the leeward rail
|10th August 2008 08:02 AM|
He means the "lee" rail which is the one across from where you would normally stand.
So...... you need to get your feet so that your heels are maybe on the centerline.
Or... you can place your back foot against the centerboard knob and sometimes "tip" the board lee rail down (the lee rail is the side opposite where the wind is coming from.
At your skill level, you may have never found out that tipping "Bertha" to the lee side would make her "come alive" and go upwind on lift from the centerboard.
That's really what you are trying to do here. Tip the centerboard so it is inclined to the point that the tip of the CB is well upwind of the "root" of the CB.
This gives you alot more upwind "lift" and also gives you a little bit of "upward" lift so the board goes much faster and higher upwind.
Tony is correct, for the wind range you suggest.... for very light winds (i.e. < 8 knots steady) you need a larger rig! An 8.5 m2 would be good. Give one a try.
Something you stated in your earlier reply has caught my attention........?
Why would you ever want your sail to be nearly flat?
ALL salls (from miniscule < 4.0 m2 high wind sails all the way to 12.5 m2 Formula sails) depend on the "draft" (your term was " a bit hollow") to give them power, and the larger the sail, the more draft/shape it's likely to have.
If you have been pulling on the outhaul alot, you have been making your "NeilPryde RAF Warp Oriented Slalom 6.4 sail, with 4 battens" as "non"-powerful as is possible.
Try this next time:
Downhaul your sail until the crease at the front of the luff sleeve is about 45 deg. pulled around the mast ( for the max. distance from top to bottm possible).
Then just add a touch of outhaul.
If your boom has the normal couple of pulleys in the back end, run the outhaul line from the boom end through clew grommet on the sail, then back through the pulley, then back through the clew grommet, then back to the cleat on the boom end.
Grab the outhaul line between your thumb and first finger (adjacent to your thumb) and pull straight back from the end of the boom. When the line slips between your thumb and finger, you are at "neutral" outhaul.
From there you can pull about one additional inch to give your sail a little "positive" outhaul. You do not need more than this for winds < 20 knots on a 6.4 m2 rig.
Sounds like you are not downhauling nearly enough to bend the mast so it has a curve that matches your sail.
Also sounds like you are pulling "bend" (or at least trying to anyway) into the mast with the outhaul.
This is not how modern sails work.
All the "mast bending" and shaping of the luff sleeve is done with the downhaul.
Here's a simple way to figure this out.....
Lay your sail (without the mast inserted) out on smooth wet sand, or perhaps on your driveway.
Take a stick (if you are on smooth wet sand) or a piece of chalk (if using smooth concrete or asphalt) and draw the curve that's sewn into the luff sleeve (in other word, draw the curve of the front of the luff sleeve as it lays flat.
Then move your sail away from the curve you have drawn, and put the mast in.
Then downhaul your sail. Keep moving back to the curve you drew and adding more downhaul until the mast is bent to that same curvature.
This should bring the crease at the front of the luff sleeve around to about 45 deg. from the front or side (45 deg. being halfway between 0 deg. and 90 deg.) for most of the length of the luff sleeve (except perhaps right at the top and bottom where the mast comes out of the luff sleeve and engages the tack fittings and the head fittings.
This will demonstrate to you how much you need to bend the mast.
Then, with the correct downhaul to bend the mast, you can think about putting on the boom and adding a little outhaul to lock the draft/shape into the sail.
Maybe part of the problem you are having is that you are "stretching" all the draft out of the sail. If you do this, you may as well use a piece of plywood, which won't get your board moving any better than a stretched out sail.
Hope this helps,
|10th August 2008 06:39 AM|
Sinking the leeward rail
Tony, thank you for your hints! I never really expected I might have to go into an 8.5 or larger sail with a short-board, because I fully agree with you : with a long-board, a 6.4 was quite enough, even overpowering and difficult to handle at times! But your suggestion makes sense and I'll see if I can put my hands on an 8.5 or so.
I just wanted to make sure, though, which one is the LEE rail . I know it is the down-wind rail, but since we don't sail facing the wind, rather with the wind coming from behind or laterally, at different angles, the LEE rail would have to be the one opposite to the side you are standing on and I imagine it is a bit ackward to shift your weight to the other side of the board in order to sink that rail ! Were you perhaps thinking of the rail RIGHT UNDER your feet when you are standing on the board( which seems a lot easier to sink, just by leaning outward and pushing your feet against the edge ) or were you really thinking about the opposite one? Please tell me which one you meant, regardless of the name !
|9th August 2008 04:18 PM|
I went through a similar experience when i moved from the long board to the short boards with centerboard. I found that sinking the leeward rail was a very big factor.
The longboard roles over without any effort on your part so it doesn't require a special technique. The wide boards like the Rio almost refuse to dip to leeward. this is a fantastic feature for stability so you never fall off but it means that you tend to have more trouble with upwind progress. The other nice thing about that is that it makes it much easier to carry a much larger sail so you can get planing sooner in the light wind.
So you need to everything you can to sink the leeward rail. The more length and thickness of rail you can get under water the better it will go upwind in displacement mode (centerboard down).
Secondly, for more planing time or speed in displacement, look at bigger sails if the budget will allow. I now mostly use a 10.5 or minimum 8.5m while on the old longboard I used to find 6m hard to handle.
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